The 2020 Roadmap to Sustainable Indonesian Cocoa

In 2013, the CSP developed a Roadmap to guide its members towards a thriving, sustainable Indonesian cocoa sector by 2020. The members decided that for this to happen, farmers needed to double their productivity (and increase their quality) in a sustainable way–without deforestation. This would attract the next generation of cocoa farmers, halting the rising average age of cocoa farmers in the sector.


The Roadmap is an ambitious answer to a difficult context of declining national production, with many (of the more talented) farmers leaving the sector for other crops. CSP members recognize that the Indonesian cocoa sector can regain its vitality only by building a strong business case for the farmer. Otherwise farmers will continue to switch to other crops. That business case is to be built on productivity foremost.

CSP members will work toward a thriving, sustainable Indonesian cocoa sector, to enable cocoa farmers with professional farmer package and enabling environment. It is also expected to continue increasing productivity and business profitability in cocoa sector beyond 2020.

Based on the Supervisory Board Meeting conducted on July 25th, 2018, at Aryaduta Hotel Jakarta, Supervisory Board Members decided that the agreed measurement of cocoa productivity is to use tree units, not per land area. Given that the tree populations per unit area are different. For example, in one hectare there could be less than 1,000 trees; or based on SCPP Dashboard average population is 579 trees per hectare; or vice versa as found in West Sumatra (for example) with a population of 1,400 plants within an area of one hectare. The CSP intervention target includes 200 million cocoa trees with a production of 2 kg of dried cocoa beans per tree by 2030. These consensuses also approved by General Assembly Members during the GA meeting conducted on August 8th, 2018 at Directorate General of Estate Crops meeting room, Ministry of Agriculture.

The 2020 Roadmap is focusing on two tracks, which consists of “Professional Farmer Package” and “Enabling Environment”. Furthermore, the two tracks are defined by cross cutting building blocks: Agro-inputs, Planting Material, Knowledge Management, Access to Finance, Service Delivery, as well as Government Support and Member Outreach.

The activities of the 2020 Roadmap are translated into Key Performance Indicators (KPI) with the “Outcomes” are as follows:

  • 20 million trees use appropriate fertilizer and minimum additional of 20 million trees year on year.
  • 15 million clonal seedlings used by farmers per year.
  • Increased productivity to 2 kg per tree.
  • 20,000 farmers adopting Professional GAP and minimum additional of 20,000 farmers year on year.
  • 10% of farmers fit with eligibility criteria to get loans and increase 10% year on year.
  • 10% of the cocoa business loan (in total) is distributed for youth.
  • Farm outlook for diversification covering 20% of cocoa farmer in 2019 and minimum additional of 20% year on year.
  • All cocoa farms are defined by polygon and not located in the protected forest and conservation area (Deforestation-Free).

CSP baseline data will be established and monitored by adoption measurement and maintains database as an aggregated result.