The Jurisdictional Collective Action Forum, Addressing the Challenges of Sustainable Global Market
Jakarta, September 29, 2021—The Jurisdictional Collective Action Forum, JCAF, is a collective initiative which is initiated and collectively co-created by collaborators which are Cocoa Sustainability Partnership (CSP), Daemeter Consulting, Indonesia Business Council for Sustainable Development (IBCSD), Inisiatif Dagang HIjau (IDH), IPMI Case Centre, Landscape Indonesia, Lingkar Temu Kabupaten Lestari (LTKL), Indonesian Philanthropy Association (PFI), Partnership for Indonesia’s Sustainable Agriculture (PISAGRO), Proforest, and Tropical Forest Alliance (TFA). This forum aims to provide an open and safe environment for all parties to contribute constructively. It offers opportunities to empower the JCAF Collaborators in identifying current challenges, opportunities, and priorities in the respected Jurisdictions for scalable solutions. The JCAF approach is cost-effective and can bring wider communities, unlock investment opportunities, and to develop evidence-based publications.
One of implemented activities was series of dialogues or discussion which were performed online during this pandemic. And in the recent dialogue entitle as Dialogue #2: The Post-2021 UN Food System Summit (UNFSS): and Indonesia Perspective was focused on the dialogue in two sessions. The first session was to see how this jurisdictional approach was implemented in a food system by presenting Anang Noegroho as Director of Food and Agriculture, Bappenas, and Handewi Saliem as Indonesia Committee on UNFSS, Ministry of Agriculture. And the session was moderated by Agus Loekman of IPMI Case Center.
The second session was presented Helianti Hilman as the founder and CEO of Javara, and Wahyu Wibowo as Executive Director of CSP. And Insan Syafaat of PISAgro was appointed as moderator. The second session was focused on how the roles of jurisdictional approach in the growth of international market and trade on sustainable commodities.
In his opening remarks, Prof. Arif Satria, Rector of IPB University, presented that the annual deforestation rate in Indonesia has been declining in the last decade. And it had proven the provided better governance strategies and enabling policies, including good forest management practices and multiple complex factors. “The path toward net-zero deforestation before 2030 may not be easy given the conflicting interest between protecting the environment and creating economic growth. However, according to the projection model for deforestation, better governance of forests will cause a lower deforestation rate,” Prof. Arif Satria said.
Further complemented by the foundation of the vision to improve regional competitiveness practices through jurisdictional approach, Prof. Aman Wirakartakusumah, Executive Director of IPMI International Business School, presented "The Decade of Collective Action for Sustainable Future: Food System Transformation, Global Initiatives and Strategy for Indonesia". In his presentation, Prof. Aman Wirakartakusumah mentioned that a long-term political and economic commitments and the measure of success or opportunities in transforming the food system is a trade-off that many countries government has to face on a day-to-day basis, which has been a struggle to reconcile in today's food system. Nourishing everyone in harmony with nature and prosperity while generating an inclusive, transformative, and equitable recovery for the 2030 agenda may not be resolved anytime soon. “Jurisdictional approach is inspirational in resolving such paradox, and the trade-off is to embrace the synergy of those interests. They ensure our journey as a nation or as an international community to sustainable prosperity remains on course,” he added.
During the plenary session in elaborating the trend of global market demands encouraged stakeholders in various sectors to increase their capacity and adopt sustainability principles, Indrasari Wisnu Wardhana, Director-General for The International Trade, Ministry of Trade presented "The Growth of International Market and Trade for Sustainable Commodities." He also added the Government of Indonesia committed and created action plans on priority sectors and commodities and integrated them into the policy planning to respond to market demands from global consumers, customers, and investors toward sustainable products and the mitigation of climate change risks. “Industries must implement sustainability principles as their unique value propositions to avoid becoming less competitive in the international market. Indonesia already has good practices such as Timber Legality Assurance System (SVLK), Indonesia Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO), and the coming carbon opportunity for Indonesia's new alternative export commodities,” he said. He also added that the leading export commodities such as palm oil, spices, cocoa, coffee, coffee, coconut, rubber, wood were the focus area for the government to advance toward sustainable commodities.
In the first panel session, it brought the topic of jurisdiction approach pathway for sustainable food system, Anang Nugroho, the Director of Food and Agriculture, BAPPENAS, delivered the presentation on "Model of Sustainable Food System: Indonesia's Perspective." He presented how Indonesia's commitment to transform its food systems. “Jurisdictional approach provides an alternative approach towards local, sustainable food systems that integrate SDGs 2030 at the sub-national level on sustainable consumption and the national food system and priorities under RPJMN 2020-2024. In 2020, Bappenas provided up to $20 million to support the subnational level to implement food security-related programs,” as Anang Nugroho explained.
The support will continue annually and be planned as an incentive-based on food security by supporting resources from the national government. Since early 2021, BAPPENAS has initiated a collaborative, participatory dialogue platform, TERPERCAYA, to align subnational and national indicator to collectively build data-based indicators that are now being piloted in the 3 districts.
Prof. Handewi P. Saliem, as representative of the Indonesia Committee on UNFSS, Ministry of Agriculture, presented the UN action for nutrition and zero hunger and its implications for Indonesia. She explained the indication of a paradigm shift in Indonesia's food development in RPJMN 2020-2024 towards self-sufficiency, food security, and quality food orientation. “A reliable and sustainable National Food System is interrelated with sustainability, availability, quality, and safety of domestic food production, farmer corporation, local food industrialization, and stability of food access. Increasing availability, accessibility, and quality of food and efficiency of food distribution and for vulnerable households. To ensure food security, the Ministry of Agriculture has developed 5 Ways of Actions aligned with 5 Action Tracks of UNFSS,” Prof. Handewi said.
Wahyu Wibowo, Executive Director of Cocoa Sustainability Partnership acted as the first speaker of the second panel session brings the growth of international market and trade for sustainable commodities. His presentation on the role of association to capitalize the growing trend of sustainable commodity by applying the alliance's perspective that Indonesia had an opportunity to be the first sustainable cocoa producer in the world. Indonesian cocoa intermediate products, such as butter and mass, were critical for sustainable businesses, and 60% of them were exported to the EU markets, such as Belgium, Germany, Netherlands, and Switzerland, and is aiming sustainable by 2025. “CSP supports sustainable smallholder's production by mapping 200,000 HA lands in the cocoa belt (in Lore Lindu National Park in Central Sulawesi) and engaging with cocoa partners through the multi-stakeholder forum in Aceh, South Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, and Southeast Sulawesi, develop a roadmap and facilitate data sharing via CSP dashboard,” he said.
Helianti Hilman – CEO, Javara (PT Kampung Kearifan Indonesia) delivered her presentation on wider access in delivering food diversity to the (international) market and mobilizing market participation through sustainable consumption. Javara was founded in 2008, and its mission was to preserve and produce high-quality foods from local food heritage. In the spirit of pursuing sustainable productions through local production, Javara viewed the urgent needs toward an inclusive and integrated business model, product innovation, quality, and safety standards across supply chains toward trust-building and strong narratives in the markets. Hence, leveraging the farmers' yield quality through technical assistance and local entrepreneurship was crucial to ensure the products meet global market demands. Buyers had a pivotal role in being aware of the sustainable production in the producing countries and they needed to be advocated over-responsible supplies through multiple channels, both Indonesia and overseas, not to mention modern and online retail stores. “There have been 900 products produced, predominantly derived from Indonesia's rural landscapes. Over 200 of them are certified organic products exported to the USA, Europe, and Japan, and other 33 countries stretch over five continents. By promoting local ingredients to the international markets, the company is now expanding its supply chain across 25 regions in Indonesia,” she added.
In the next presentation, Andi Fitriani, Communication Manager of Mars Indonesia presented the brand perspective in the implementation of international sustainable markets regulatory on sustainable production in commodity sourcing area. As a global consumer goods company, Mars was continuously transforming towards environmentally friendly and sustainable business to pursue Forest Positive impacts and SDGs. It developed a generation plan strategy through Responsible Cocoa Today and Sustainable Cocoa Tomorrow. “In 2017, MARS launched a science-based guideline highlighting the importance of Healthy Planet, Thriving People, and Nourishing Wellbeing. Mars developed certification requirements in collaboration with the Rainforest Alliance and Fair Trade, focusing on smallholders' empowerment, children protection, forest protection, and conservation. This strategy is embodied in Mars' Principle,” Andi Fitriani said.
In the closing session, Agus Sari, Landscape Indonesia's CEO, highlighted that holistic effort was urgently required to pursue the climate change agenda below 1.5 degrees. Food and land-based sectors contributed about 10% of the climate crisis related to deforestation. Structural problems remained challenging: i.e. smallholder productivity, efficiency, distribution, and the economics—including the fiscal policy for food production and consumption and the entire institutions and governance issues, as well as sectoral standards for sustainability for the food sector. Therefore, innovation was essential to support economic growth, food security, and the reduction of climate change. "Thus, jurisdictional approach was also proven to be more efficient and an opportunity to address some pitfalls related to concession and site-specific approaches, supply chain approach, and commodity-specific approach to realize many positive notions such as the Green Prosperity," he closed.
JCAF intended to catalyse shared-lessons learned from the perspective of multi-stakeholders to promote collective actions, strengthening the enabling environment, and advancing investment into jurisdiction. Highlighting challenges and opportunities to strengthen the multistakeholder approach, identify the common approach, and shared best practices. As well as identify, demonstrate and develop evidence-based business and investment cases on best practices of collective actions, good governance, leadership, and investment to advance jurisdiction sustainability.
With the series of dialogues, the JCAF events would create greater understanding of successful strategies and common approaches that would enable stakeholders to learn, experience and jointly developed evidence-based business cases. Successfully identified policies and regulations gaps and harmonization that would require stakeholders’ collaborations to jointly develop holistic policy briefs and recommendations. The dialogue was envisioned to offer a model for co-creating, collaboration, and mobilization of collective action toward a durable solution which addressed critical sustainability issues at a meaningful and appropriate scale whilst at the same time collectively pursuing green prosperity at the jurisdiction level and contributed toward national strategy of Low Carbon Development and Sustainable Development Goals. (CSP/AH)